Jamit Fractions - Lesson Contents For Parents or Teachers: Create printable worksheets for your kids based on this lesson. Please visit the Fraction Worksheets pages.

# Lesson 1: What is a Fraction. Fraction Types.

1. What Is a Fraction.
2. Fraction Examples.
3. Fraction Parts:  Numerator , DenominatorVinculum.
4. Fraction Types:  Proper Fractions , Improper FractionsMixed Fractions.
5. Play the Practice Game

### WHAT IS A FRACTION

When an object is divided into a number of equal parts then each part is called a fraction.

There are different ways of writing a fraction. For example, two fifths of an object can be written as

• a common fraction
• a decimal 0.4
• a percentage 40%

We will learn about percentages and decimals later.

Now let us have a closer look at the common fraction:

2       numerator says how many parts in the fraction
vinculum  = "divide by"
5       denominator says how many equal parts in the whole object

Always remember: denominator can NEVER be 0.
Why? Because you cannot divide by 0.

### FRACTION EXAMPLES

#### Example 1:

We divide a chocolate bar into 5 equal parts.

Each part is of the whole bar.
The whole bar has 5 fifth parts.
We write it: 1 =

#### Example 2:

We have a box of gingerbread men. There are 5 men in the box.
Each man is  of the box contents.

The whole box has 5 fifth parts.
We write it: 1 =
Two pink men are  of the box contents.

### FRACTION TYPES

There are 3 different types of fractions:

• Proper Fractions Numerator < Denominator
Proper fractions have the nominator part smaller than the denominator part,
for example , or  .
• Improper Fractions Numerator > Denominator or Numerator = Denominator,
Improper fractions have the nominator part greater or equal to the denominator part,
for exampleor .
• Mixed Fractions
Mixed fractions have a whole number plus a fraction, for example 2or 123 .

Site Links Jamit Fractions | Fraction Worksheets | Fraction Games | Online Games